Group Performance

% reported growth YoY
  • Total Sales
  • Total Operating Income (Estimated)
  • Total sales (Comparable)
,Total Sales,Total Operating Income (Estimated),Total sales (Comparable) 2014 Q1,1.0%,1.7%,6.2% 2014 Q2,-2.4%,-1.6%,3.6% 2014 Q3,1.0%,-4.7%,4.3% 2014 Q4,3.9%,0.0%,3.9% 2015 Q1,6.3%,10.8%,3.0% 2015 Q2,9.3%,13.8%,3.4% 2015 Q3,7.8%,11.3%,4.6% 2015 Q4,2.9%,9.7%,2.4% 2016 Q1,-1.8%,10.8%,2.4% 2016 Q2,7.3%,8.3%,1.0% 2016 Q3,23.9%,12.5%,-1.1% 2016 Q4,27.8%,12.6%,0.5% 2017 Q1,38.5%,8.8%,1.5% 2017 Q2,19.5%,5.9%,2.0% 2017 Q3,-0.3%,3.8%,3.5% 2017 Q4,-0.8%,3.7%,4.5% 2018 Q1,-3.2%,-4.5%,6.0% 2018 Q2,0.7%,-0.1%,5.6% 2018 Q3,6.6%,5.3%,6.0% 2018 Q4,9.1%,9.1%,6.8% 2019 Q1,8.6%,12.6%,4.8% 2019 Q2,7.0%,11.6%,5.0% 2019 Q3,3.5%,14.0%,3.5% 2019 Q4,-1.1%,9.4%,-0.1% 2020 Q1,-1.3%,4.8%,0.6% 2020 Q2,-11.0%,-5.1%,-6.9%
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Reported Corporate sales fell by -11% YoY to €4.9Bn ($5.5Bn) in Q2 with smaller negative growth (-7%) on a comparable basis – significantly below the trend rate of recent years due to pandemic

Gases & Services only marginally above overall Group performance by around 50bp at -6½% YoY

Decline in Engineering reported sales continued at nearly -40% YoY on comparable basis in Q2 – although total sales (including interco were only down -20%). Global Markets and Technologies slipped into negative growth territory for the first time in recent quarters although with a smaller decline than other businesses 

AL only reports profitability and balance sheet half yearly – a small decline in operating income is estimated for Q2 on the basis of recent performance by region combined with productivity improvements. Group efficiency of around €110m in Q2 in line with target for 2020. This indicates an improvement in operating margin by uo to 100bp with cash flow to sales up by 170bp at 23% 

Updated company assumptions of peak impact of Covid in Q2 with limited local lockdowns and progressive recovery during H2 resulting in AL confident of further increasing operating margin in H2 and will be closing to matching prior year profit



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Gases Revenue Growth Drivers

  • Reported Growth
  • Natural Gas
  • Currency
  • Acquisition/Divest
  • Underlying Growth
,Reported Growth,Natural Gas,Currency,Acquisition/Divest,Underlying Growth 2014 Q1,0.3%,0.7%,-4.7%,-1.4%,5.7% 2014 Q2,-2.5%,-0.8%,-4.1%,-1.3%,3.7% 2014 Q3,0.1%,-1.2%,-1.1%,-1.2%,3.6% 2014 Q4,2.7%,-1.2%,1.8%,-0.9%,3.0% 2015 Q1,6.4%,-3.6%,7.3%,0.2%,2.5% 2015 Q2,9.4%,-2.7%,8.5%,0.2%,3.4% 2015 Q3,7.3%,-2.0%,4.9%,0.5%,3.8% 2015 Q4,4.9%,-3.3%,3.4%,1.0%,3.8% 2016 Q1,-1.8%,-4.0%,-2.0%,0.0%,4.2% 2016 Q2,10.3%,-3.5%,-3.2%,13.9%,3.0% 2016 Q3,29.9%,-2.8%,-0.4%,31.1%,2.0% 2016 Q4,30.6%,0.4%,0.0%,28.6%,1.7% 2017 Q1,42.2%,3.5%,3.1%,31.7%,3.8% 2017 Q2,21.1%,2.3%,1.2%,14.6%,3.0% 2017 Q3,0.1%,0.9%,-4.4%,0.0%,3.6% 2017 Q4,-1.1%,0.5%,-5.6%,-0.4%,4.4% 2018 Q1,-4.3%,-0.3%,-8.3%,-0.7%,5.0% 2018 Q2,0.1%,1.0%,-5.3%,-0.7%,5.1% 2018 Q3,5.8%,2.4%,-1.3%,-0.5%,5.2% 2018 Q4,8.1%,2.5%,0.0%,0.0%,5.6% 2019 Q1,8.4%,0.7%,2.9%,0.0%,4.8% 2019 Q2,7.3%,-0.6%,2.1%,0.8%,5.0% 2019 Q3,3.4%,-2.9%,2.2%,0.7%,3.4% 2019 Q4,0.0%,-3.2%,1.4%,0.4%,1.5% 2020 Q1,-0.8%,-2.6%,0.8%,-0.2%,1.3% 2020 Q2,-10.8%,-3.1%,-0.5%,-0.4%,-6.9%
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Reported Sales in Gases & Services at $5.3Bn in Q2 were significantly down at -11% YoY due to the global pandemic and its economic impact

Impact of energy cost pass-through at over -3% in Q2 was close to its peak negative impact in early 2016

Compounded by smaller negative impact of currency and net contribution from acquisitions and divestitures, both around –½% YoY in Q2



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Gases Underlying Growth Drivers

% YoY Growth
  • Total Underling Growth
  • Volume
  • Price
,Total Underling Growth,Volume,Price 2014 Q1,5.7%,5.1%,0.6% 2014 Q2,3.7%,3.2%,0.5% 2014 Q3,3.6%,3.1%,0.5% 2014 Q4,3.0%,2.7%,0.4% 2015 Q1,2.5%,2.1%,0.4% 2015 Q2,3.4%,2.9%,0.5% 2015 Q3,3.8%,3.5%,0.3% 2015 Q4,3.8%,3.8%,0.0% 2016 Q1,4.2%,4.0%,0.2% 2016 Q2,3.0%,2.8%,0.2% 2016 Q3,2.0%,1.9%,0.1% 2016 Q4,1.7%,1.4%,0.3% 2017 Q1,3.8%,3.0%,0.7% 2017 Q2,3.0%,2.5%,0.5% 2017 Q3,3.6%,3.1%,0.5% 2017 Q4,4.4%,3.6%,0.8% 2018 Q1,5.0%,4.0%,1.0% 2018 Q2,5.1%,4.3%,0.8% 2018 Q3,5.2%,4.2%,1.0% 2018 Q4,5.6%,4.4%,1.2% 2019 Q1,4.8%,3.6%,1.2% 2019 Q2,5.0%,3.2%,1.8% 2019 Q3,3.4%,1.9%,1.5% 2019 Q4,1.5%,0.5%,1.1% 2020 Q1,1.3%,0.3%,1.0% 2020 Q2,-6.9%,-8.0%,1.0%
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Underlying growth performance in Gases & Services fell significantly in Q2 to be down -7% YoY

Base business fell by over -7% YoY in Q2 only slightly offset by a marginal boost from new start-ups and ramp-ups 

Volume developments were the major factor with a slowing trend in recent quarters being significantly exacerbated by the Covid pandemic to be down by -8% YoY in Q2 

Pricing contributed 1% to the underlying growth performance, slightly down on recent quarters



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Reported Growth by Region

% sales growth YoY
  • Europe
  • Americas
  • Asia Pacific
,Europe,Americas,Asia Pacific 2014 Q1,-3.8%,6.2%,4.6% 2014 Q2,-7.4%,1.1%,4.9% 2014 Q3,-8.3%,6.3%,11.7% 2014 Q4,-4.2%,10.1%,11.2% 2015 Q1,-0.3%,9.9%,16.0% 2015 Q2,3.0%,10.2%,17.9% 2015 Q3,5.0%,4.8%,9.3% 2015 Q4,1.9%,0.5%,10.0% 2016 Q1,-4.2%,-7.2%,3.2% 2016 Q2,-4.3%,49.4%,-0.2% 2016 Q3,-4.1%,127.6%,3.6% 2016 Q4,3.2%,122.9%,2.4% 2017 Q1,5.9%,160.0%,6.1% 2017 Q2,3.2%,54.9%,5.7% 2017 Q3,3.5%,-3.6%,1.3% 2017 Q4,-1.1%,-3.6%,2.0% 2018 Q1,2.5%,-11.3%,-0.8% 2018 Q2,3.0%,-6.5%,8.3% 2018 Q3,7.3%,2.5%,8.7% 2018 Q4,6.9%,8.3%,11.0% 2019 Q1,4.3%,8.9%,17.5% 2019 Q2,4.1%,8.8%,10.9% 2019 Q3,-2.0%,5.9%,9.9% 2019 Q4,-2.7%,0.8%,2.5% 2020 Q1,-2.1%,2.5%,-4.5% 2020 Q2,-7.4%,-13.7%,-9.4%
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Americas is the largest geographic region for AL accounting for over 40% of gases sales (primarily USA). Europe now represents one third, with Asia Pacific over 20% and M.East & Africa accounting for around 3%

Reported sales growth was negative in all three major regions. Americas was weakest in Q2 at nearly -14% with Asia Pacific down -9½% (despite China sales recovering to be up +2%) and Europe -7 ½ % while the small M.East/Africa business was also down YoY by over –11%

Impact of non-trading factors (currency, energy pass-through, acquisitions/divestments etc) in converting reported growth to comparable growth was most negative impact in Asia Pacific (-6%) and Europe (-5%) while Americas was impacted least (-2%) 



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Comparable Growth by Region

% comparable sales growth YoY
  • Europe
  • Americas
  • Asia Pacific
,Europe,Americas,Asia Pacific 2014 Q1,-0.2%,11.6%,13.5% 2014 Q2,-1.8%,8.4%,11.2% 2014 Q3,-2.4%,7.3%,12.5% 2014 Q4,-0.1%,4.5%,9.3% 2015 Q1,1.3%,1.1%,6.9% 2015 Q2,3.3%,0.4%,5.0% 2015 Q3,5.1%,-0.6%,4.5% 2015 Q4,4.6%,0.0%,6.0% 2016 Q1,1.6%,1.1%,7.1% 2016 Q2,1.7%,3.0%,5.7% 2016 Q3,0.5%,3.2%,3.5% 2016 Q4,4.2%,-0.2%,0.5% 2017 Q1,2.6%,3.7%,1.6% 2017 Q2,1.5%,2.9%,4.0% 2017 Q3,2.5%,2.8%,7.6% 2017 Q4,-1.1%,6.2%,7.8% 2018 Q1,3.3%,4.5%,6.8% 2018 Q2,1.2%,4.6%,10.8% 2018 Q3,3.1%,5.4%,6.4% 2018 Q4,2.4%,6.2%,8.8% 2019 Q1,2.8%,2.4%,13.2% 2019 Q2,5.7%,2.4%,9.2% 2019 Q3,3.3%,2.0%,7.2% 2019 Q4,2.1%,-0.6%,1.9% 2020 Q1,2.7%,1.3%,-0.9% 2020 Q2,-2.5%,-11.4%,-3.3%
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Asia growth on a comparable basis slowed further to be down nearly       -3½% in Q2. China recovered but parts of Asia under restriction

Europe underlying growth weakened significantly to be negative YoY by -2½% while Americas YoY growth declined even more sharply by -11½ % in Q2. Signs of recovery in Europe while US mixed and S.America in midst of crisis

M.East/Africa at -9 ½ % YoY in Q2 was significantly below the positive trend of recent years with ongoing lockdowns in key countries. High loading at major onsites in S.Africa & S.Arabia; merchant sales hit by Covid



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Americas Growth by Business

% comparable sales growth YoY
  • Large Industries
  • Industrial Customers
  • Healthcare
  • Electronics
,Large Industries,Industrial Customers,Healthcare,Electronics 2014 Q1,13.1%,6.7%,10.6%,42.6% 2014 Q2,4.7%,5.5%,7.7%,51.8% 2014 Q3,2.7%,5.8%,12.8%,32.2% 2014 Q4,-1.2%,7.5%,11.5%,7.5% 2015 Q1,-1.5%,1.0%,3.9%,10.7% 2015 Q2,2.5%,-3.5%,10.3%,-0.1% 2015 Q3,4.7%,-5.0%,6.2%,-6.8% 2015 Q4,4.6%,-6.9%,8.0%,7.0% 2016 Q1,7.5%,-6.3%,13.5%,0.5% 2016 Q2,8.8%,-4.5%,12.4%,5.8% 2016 Q3,7.1%,-3.0%,13.8%,4.5% 2016 Q4,6.1%,-2.8%,5.2%,-14.9% 2017 Q1,9.1%,2.6%,4.8%,0.3% 2017 Q2,1.2%,4.0%,3.6%,-8.6% 2017 Q3,-3.0%,3.8%,4.8%,6.0% 2017 Q4,4.7%,6.1%,13.1%,-1.0% 2018 Q1,4.5%,4.3%,8.3%,-1.1% 2018 Q2,1.7%,4.7%,9.6%,5.0% 2018 Q3,10.2%,4.2%,7.1%,3.2% 2018 Q4,5.6%,5.1%,7.7%,21.5% 2019 Q1,-0.8%,1.6%,7.4%,15.1% 2019 Q2,3.7%,0.9%,11.3%,2.0% 2019 Q3,0.6%,1.1%,11.1%,1.5% 2019 Q4,-2.9%,-0.8%,8.9%,-7.4% 2020 Q1,2.7%,-0.2%,10.0%,0.6% 2020 Q2,-5.5%,-15.9%,1.0%,9.7%
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Americas business dominated by Industrial Merchant (70% of sales post Airgas) and Large Industries (under 20%) with Healthcare and Electronics 9% and 5% respectively

Comparable growth in Industrial Merchant turned sharply negative in Q2 at -16%. Sharp volume decline especially Hardgoods but signs of recovery; solid Food & Pharma, low industrial end markets

Large Industries returned to negative performance at -5½% YoY. Lower O2 volumes (chems, steel) but bottoming out; H2 lower YoY but stabilising: start-up in Argentina 

Healthcare growth slowed markedly in Q2 to around +1% - significantly below the average of recent years.  Improved medical O2 in US; low elective procedures in North America; high homecare and medical gases in L.America

Electronics growth rebounded to be up +10% YoY in Q2. High advanced materials and E&I



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Europe Growth by Business

% comparable sales growth YoY
  • Large Industries
  • Industrial Merchant
  • Healthcare
,Large Industries,Industrial Merchant,Healthcare 2014 Q1,-2.7%,-0.8%,4.0% 2014 Q2,-4.7%,-1.4%,1.2% 2014 Q3,-5.2%,-2.2%,1.0% 2014 Q4,-3.2%,0.1%,1.4% 2015 Q1,-3.5%,0.0%,7.7% 2015 Q2,1.8%,-0.6%,6.9% 2015 Q3,3.9%,0.6%,9.6% 2015 Q4,5.9%,0.4%,9.5% 2016 Q1,3.0%,-1.3%,2.7% 2016 Q2,-0.2%,2.7%,4.0% 2016 Q3,-0.2%,-1.1%,4.3% 2016 Q4,8.0%,-0.5%,4.7% 2017 Q1,-2.2%,4.3%,5.4% 2017 Q2,-0.4%,1.2%,3.1% 2017 Q3,-0.9%,4.2%,3.7% 2017 Q4,-8.9%,3.4%,2.9% 2018 Q1,4.4%,3.2%,3.4% 2018 Q2,-0.3%,2.0%,5.5% 2018 Q3,4.2%,2.8%,4.9% 2018 Q4,-0.5%,4.7%,5.2% 2019 Q1,0.9%,3.3%,5.4% 2019 Q2,5.3%,4.1%,6.0% 2019 Q3,0.6%,4.6%,4.8% 2019 Q4,0.3%,1.8%,4.7% 2020 Q1,-0.6%,-2.7%,10.8% 2020 Q2,-6.7%,-13.7%,10.9%
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Europe business equally balanced between Large Industries, Industrial Merchant and Healthcare (each accounting for around one third of sales) with Electronics only 3% of sales

Large Industries growth weakened further in Q2 to be down -6½% YoY. Weak steel, low chemicals & refining (Benelux); E.Europe maintained with growth in Russia & Turkey

Industrial Merchant negative growth worsened sharply in Q2 to be down nearly -14%, largely due to Covid and economic collapse. Low bulk and PG volumes; resilient food & pharma

Healthcare remained the highest growth business in Europe by a significant margin at +11% YoY in Q2. Driven by strong hygiene & equipment; lower medical O2 sales; reduced homecare installations



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AsiaPacific Growth by Business

% comparable sales growth YoY
  • Large Industries
  • Industrial Customers
  • Electronics
,Large Industries,Industrial Customers,Electronics 2014 Q1,26.1%,11.5%,5.2% 2014 Q2,20.5%,6.3%,5.2% 2014 Q3,23.7%,3.5%,9.0% 2014 Q4,11.3%,3.9%,13.7% 2015 Q1,8.7%,0.2%,15.7% 2015 Q2,5.8%,-0.7%,13.3% 2015 Q3,1.7%,0.1%,18.0% 2015 Q4,7.3%,0.7%,13.4% 2016 Q1,6.4%,-1.2%,20.3% 2016 Q2,5.1%,-1.0%,15.2% 2016 Q3,9.5%,-0.8%,0.8% 2016 Q4,0.6%,0.1%,0.0% 2017 Q1,4.5%,-0.5%,-1.0% 2017 Q2,3.4%,4.0%,4.5% 2017 Q3,8.1%,5.4%,7.8% 2017 Q4,5.6%,4.1%,12.2% 2018 Q1,4.3%,6.2%,10.7% 2018 Q2,8.5%,7.4%,17.4% 2018 Q3,-1.2%,7.7%,16.4% 2018 Q4,2.4%,6.5%,24.0% 2019 Q1,16.7%,6.6%,17.7% 2019 Q2,9.9%,3.9%,14.6% 2019 Q3,10.3%,3.7%,7.3% 2019 Q4,2.1%,0.8%,3.2% 2020 Q1,-2.1%,-5.3%,4.9% 2020 Q2,-1.9%,-6.2%,-1.7%
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Asia-Pacific business balanced between Large Industries and Industrial Merchant (both over 30%) with Electronics also important (27%) but Healthcare relatively small (4%)

Large Industries growth remained negative in Q2 close to -2%, its weakest performance since the 2009 recession. China growing again; Japan (O2 steel) & SE Asia low (Singapore refinery H2)

Industrial Merchant growth weakened again to be down -6% YoY in Q2. China slowed to +6% (strong cylinders, onsites); resilient techno & research markets; volume declines  in Japan, Singapore, Australia

Electronics turned negative at -1½% in Q2 – its weakest performance in recent years – but again over +10% ex E&I; strong advanced material & carrier gases 



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Reported Growth by Business

% sales growth YoY
  • Large Industries
  • Industrial Merchant
  • Electronics
  • Healthcare
,Large Industries,Industrial Merchant,Electronics,Healthcare 2014 Q1,4.9%,-2.0%,3.2%,-5.0% 2014 Q2,-2.6%,-2.3%,7.4%,-6.9% 2014 Q3,-0.1%,0.2%,10.6%,-4.3% 2014 Q4,0.8%,4.5%,15.8%,-1.4% 2015 Q1,-1.7%,8.0%,29.0%,9.4% 2015 Q2,7.7%,6.6%,27.7%,9.3% 2015 Q3,7.8%,2.8%,22.3%,8.5% 2015 Q4,4.2%,0.7%,16.5%,8.3% 2016 Q1,-4.5%,-5.4%,14.4%,1.4% 2016 Q2,-9.2%,31.3%,8.1%,8.5% 2016 Q3,-3.9%,78.6%,3.7%,17.7% 2016 Q4,4.8%,74.5%,-0.5%,16.7% 2017 Q1,15.3%,92.6%,3.1%,22.4% 2017 Q2,10.3%,37.5%,2.4%,11.1% 2017 Q3,2.0%,-1.9%,0.8%,2.3% 2017 Q4,-2.3%,-2.3%,0.1%,3.7% 2018 Q1,-1.9%,-7.4%,-3.1%,-0.1% 2018 Q2,4.0%,-3.4%,2.7%,2.9% 2018 Q3,13.0%,2.1%,8.7%,3.4% 2018 Q4,11.6%,5.8%,19.1%,3.7% 2019 Q1,9.1%,7.1%,19.0%,5.6% 2019 Q2,4.4%,7.4%,16.4%,6.9% 2019 Q3,-5.6%,6.9%,10.2%,6.1% 2019 Q4,-10.7%,3.7%,3.4%,5.3% 2020 Q1,-13.1%,1.5%,5.7%,9.5% 2020 Q2,-19.7%,-14.4%,2.1%,5.8%
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Industrial Merchant represents over 45% of total gases sales with Large Industries over 25%, Healthcare nearly 20% and Electronics under 10% 

Range of reported performance between global businesses widened in Q2 with Industrial Merchant and Large Industries sharply down YoY        (-14% and -20% respectively) while Electronics and Healthcare both remained positive albeit slowing from the previous quarter (at 2% and 6% respectively)

Impact of energy cost pass-through, currency and acquisitions/ divestments (ie conversion from reported to comparable growth) -15%  in Large Industries (largely due to energy pass-through) while impact in other businesses is relatively small



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Comparable Growth by Business

% sales growth YoY
  • Large Industries
  • Industrial Customers
  • Electronics
  • Healthcare
,Large Industries,Industrial Customers,Electronics,Healthcare 2014 Q1,6.2%,4.4%,10.3%,5.3% 2014 Q2,3.4%,2.7%,13.0%,2.6% 2014 Q3,3.6%,1.8%,11.7%,3.5% 2014 Q4,1.2%,3.1%,12.9%,3.3% 2015 Q1,0.2%,0.3%,14.4%,6.8% 2015 Q2,5.0%,-1.6%,11.9%,6.9% 2015 Q3,6.5%,-1.2%,12.8%,8.0% 2015 Q4,9.3%,-2.1%,7.5%,8.3% 2016 Q1,8.6%,-2.6%,13.4%,4.1% 2016 Q2,4.0%,-0.6%,9.0%,5.4% 2016 Q3,5.0%,-2.0%,-0.5%,5.2% 2016 Q4,4.2%,-1.1%,-3.5%,4.8% 2017 Q1,2.7%,2.6%,-0.4%,5.5% 2017 Q2,1.8%,3.1%,1.2%,3.5% 2017 Q3,2.0%,4.3%,7.2%,4.5% 2017 Q4,0.6%,5.3%,7.4%,6.7% 2018 Q1,6.0%,4.2%,5.7%,4.9% 2018 Q2,4.3%,4.5%,7.6%,6.9% 2018 Q3,5.4%,4.2%,8.5%,5.7% 2018 Q4,3.0%,5.1%,17.7%,5.1% 2019 Q1,5.1%,2.8%,13.7%,5.4% 2019 Q2,5.7%,2.3%,13.2%,6.7% 2019 Q3,3.3%,2.4%,5.8%,5.9% 2019 Q4,0.0%,0.1%,0.0%,5.1% 2020 Q1,-0.8%,-1.5%,3.6%,9.9% 2020 Q2,-4.2%,-14.4%,0.5%,7.6%
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Large Industries comparable growth in Q2 moved further into negative territory at -4%, its weakest performance in recent years.

Global Industrial Merchant sales were down nearly -15% YoY in Q2

Electronics overall underlying growth eased back towards a flat performance YoY but +8.0% growth excl. E&I; strong Carrier Gases & Advanced Materials; lower E&I globally vs. high prior year

Healthcare YoY remained close to +8%, above the average for recent years. Strong Medical O2 volumes to fight Covid partially offset by postponed elective procedures; continued high demand for Hygiene products and Ventilator manufacturing; fewer new homecare installations partially offset by new needs linked to Covid

Wide and increased range in end market growth performance globally 



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Industrial Merchant Growth by Region

% comparable sales growth YoY
  • Europe
  • Americas
  • Asia Pacific
,Europe,Americas,Asia Pacific 2014 Q1,-0.8%,6.7%,11.5% 2014 Q2,-1.4%,5.5%,6.3% 2014 Q3,-2.2%,5.8%,3.5% 2014 Q4,0.1%,7.5%,3.9% 2015 Q1,0.0%,1.0%,0.2% 2015 Q2,-0.6%,-3.5%,-0.7% 2015 Q3,0.6%,-5.0%,0.1% 2015 Q4,0.4%,-6.9%,0.7% 2016 Q1,-1.3%,-6.3%,-1.2% 2016 Q2,2.7%,-4.5%,-1.0% 2016 Q3,-1.1%,-3.0%,-0.8% 2016 Q4,-0.5%,-2.8%,0.1% 2017 Q1,4.3%,2.6%,-0.5% 2017 Q2,1.2%,4.0%,4.0% 2017 Q3,4.2%,3.8%,5.4% 2017 Q4,3.4%,6.1%,4.1% 2018 Q1,3.2%,4.3%,6.2% 2018 Q2,2.0%,4.7%,7.4% 2018 Q3,2.8%,4.2%,7.7% 2018 Q4,4.7%,5.1%,6.5% 2019 Q1,3.3%,1.6%,6.6% 2019 Q2,4.1%,0.9%,3.9% 2019 Q3,4.6%,1.1%,3.7% 2019 Q4,1.8%,-0.8%,0.8% 2020 Q1,-2.7%,-0.2%,-5.3% 2020 Q2,-13.7%,-15.9%,-6.2%
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Over a quarter of global Industrial Merchant sales are represented by each of Bulk Gases and Packaged Gases with around 20% in Equipment and Installation, over 10% in Specialty Gases with Services and small on-sites each under 10%

Americas accounts for over 60% of Industrial Merchant sales, Europe for over 20% and Asia Pacific for under 15%. 

Americas’ underlying merchant growth sales weakened sharply in Q2 to be down over -15% YoY

Europe growth also weakened significantly at --14% in Q2 

Asia Pacific slowed further to -6% YoY although a smaller fall than other regions. China positive (vs all other regions negative) – excluding China this region also down by around -15%

Amongst end markets there was resilient growth in food & pharma but weaker construction & metal fabrication; lower helium demand



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Merchant Pricing by Region

% change YoY
  • Total
  • Europe
  • Americas
  • Asia Pacific
,Total,Europe,Americas,Asia Pacific 2014 Q1,1.5%,-0.2%,4.4%,0.0% 2014 Q2,1.0%,0.2%,3.3%,-0.3% 2014 Q3,1.4%,-0.1%,5.1%,-0.6% 2014 Q4,1.0%,-0.6%,4.8%,-0.4% 2015 Q1,1.1%,-0.4%,5.2%,-1.6% 2015 Q2,0.9%,-0.2%,3.7%,-1.1% 2015 Q3,0.6%,-0.5%,4.3%,-2.7% 2015 Q4,0.0%,-0.5%,2.6%,-2.2% 2016 Q1,0.5%,-0.6%,2.7%,-0.6% 2016 Q2,0.3%,-0.8%,2.9%,-1.0% 2016 Q3,0.2%,-0.8%,1.6%,-0.4% 2016 Q4,0.9%,-0.7%,2.6%,0.9% 2017 Q1,1.2%,-0.1%,1.8%,0.0% 2017 Q2,1.2%,0.1%,1.6%,0.8% 2017 Q3,1.3%,0.6%,1.2%,1.8% 2017 Q4,1.7%,0.4%,1.9%,3.0% 2018 Q1,2.1%,0.8%,2.6%,1.6% 2018 Q2,1.7%,1.1%,1.8%,2.1% 2018 Q3,2.9%,1.6%,3.4%,2.3% 2018 Q4,3.3%,2.6%,4.2%,1.2% 2019 Q1,3.3%,3.2%,3.8%,1.4% 2019 Q2,4.1%,3.8%,4.8%,1.5% 2019 Q3,3.8%,3.3%,4.7%,0.4% 2019 Q4,3.2%,2.5%,3.9%,1.4% 2020 Q1,3.0%,1.8%,3.9%,1.0% 2020 Q2,2.9%,1.4%,4.1%,0.2%
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Global merchant pricing impact YoY slowed to under +3% in Q2 

Both Asia Pacific and Europe slowed again in Q2 with the former now virtually flat YoY while the latter slipped to under +1½%. Asia helium pricing fading

Americas merchant pricing accelerated to be up +4% YoY – positive rentals

Overall helium pricing still contributing nearly 1/3 of global price impact

These pricing trends indicate Americas volumes down by around -20%, significantly weaker than the other two regions with Asia Pacific estimated to show the smallest volume decline

Americas prices flat in electronics and healthcare



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Large Industries Growth by Region

% comparable sales growth YoY
  • Europe
  • Americas
  • Asia Pacific
,Europe,Americas,Asia Pacific 2014 Q1,-2.7%,13.1%,26.1% 2014 Q2,-4.7%,4.7%,20.5% 2014 Q3,-5.2%,2.7%,23.7% 2014 Q4,-3.2%,-1.2%,11.3% 2015 Q1,-3.5%,-1.5%,8.7% 2015 Q2,1.8%,2.5%,5.8% 2015 Q3,3.9%,4.7%,1.7% 2015 Q4,5.9%,4.6%,7.3% 2016 Q1,3.0%,7.5%,6.4% 2016 Q2,-0.2%,8.8%,5.1% 2016 Q3,-0.2%,7.1%,9.5% 2016 Q4,8.0%,6.1%,0.6% 2017 Q1,-2.2%,9.1%,4.5% 2017 Q2,-0.4%,1.2%,3.4% 2017 Q3,-0.9%,-3.0%,8.1% 2017 Q4,-8.9%,4.7%,5.6% 2018 Q1,4.4%,4.5%,4.3% 2018 Q2,-0.3%,1.7%,8.5% 2018 Q3,4.2%,10.2%,-1.2% 2018 Q4,-0.5%,5.6%,2.4% 2019 Q1,0.9%,-0.8%,16.7% 2019 Q2,5.3%,3.7%,9.9% 2019 Q3,0.6%,0.6%,10.3% 2019 Q4,0.3%,-2.9%,2.1% 2020 Q1,-0.6%,2.7%,-2.1% 2020 Q2,-6.7%,-5.5%,-1.9%
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Air gases account for just over half of Large Industry global sales with nearly 40% in H2 and CO and under 10% from cogeneration, steam and power

Europe accounts for over 40% of Large Industry sales, Americas for over 30% and Asia Pacific for 25%.

All three regions showed negative comparable growth YoY in the same quarter for the first time in recent years

Europe growth was weakest at more than -6½% in Q2, its lowest growth since late 2017

Americas growth returned to negative -5½% YoY

Weak air gases volumes in Europe, US & Japan due to low steel & Chemicals; softer decline in H2 volumes in Europe & US 

Growth in Asia Pacific remained at -2% YoY but China recovered to growth



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Healthcare Growth by Region

% comparable sales growth YoY
  • Europe Healthcare
  • Americas Healthcare
,Europe Healthcare,Americas Healthcare 2014 Q1,4.0%,10.6% 2014 Q2,1.2%,7.7% 2014 Q3,1.0%,12.8% 2014 Q4,1.4%,11.5% 2015 Q1,7.7%,3.9% 2015 Q2,6.9%,10.3% 2015 Q3,9.6%,6.2% 2015 Q4,9.5%,8.0% 2016 Q1,2.7%,13.5% 2016 Q2,4.0%,12.4% 2016 Q3,4.3%,13.8% 2016 Q4,4.7%,5.2% 2017 Q1,5.4%,4.8% 2017 Q2,3.1%,3.6% 2017 Q3,3.7%,4.8% 2017 Q4,2.9%,13.1% 2018 Q1,3.4%,8.3% 2018 Q2,5.5%,9.6% 2018 Q3,4.9%,7.1% 2018 Q4,5.2%,7.7% 2019 Q1,5.4%,7.4% 2019 Q2,6.0%,11.3% 2019 Q3,4.8%,11.1% 2019 Q4,4.7%,8.9% 2020 Q1,10.8%,10.0% 2020 Q2,10.9%,1.0%
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Nearly half of AL Healthcare sales are from Homecare compared with a third from Medical Gases while10% are currently in Hygiene and smaller amounts in Specialty Ingredients and Equipment

Europe represents over 70% of Healthcare sales with Americas over 20%

Europe healthcare growth maintained at around +10% - progressive return to normal in Europe starting end of Q2

Americas comparable healthcare sales slowed towards flat performance YoY 



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Electronics Growth by Region

% comparable sales growth YoY
  • Americas Electronics
  • Asia Pacific Electronics
,Americas Electronics,Asia Pacific Electronics 2014 Q1,42.6%,5.2% 2014 Q2,51.8%,5.2% 2014 Q3,32.2%,9.0% 2014 Q4,7.5%,13.7% 2015 Q1,10.7%,15.7% 2015 Q2,-0.1%,13.3% 2015 Q3,-6.8%,18.0% 2015 Q4,7.0%,13.4% 2016 Q1,0.5%,20.3% 2016 Q2,5.8%,15.2% 2016 Q3,4.5%,0.8% 2016 Q4,-14.9%,0.0% 2017 Q1,0.3%,-1.0% 2017 Q2,-8.6%,4.5% 2017 Q3,6.0%,7.8% 2017 Q4,-1.0%,12.2% 2018 Q1,-1.1%,10.7% 2018 Q2,5.0%,17.4% 2018 Q3,3.2%,16.4% 2018 Q4,21.5%,24.0% 2019 Q1,15.1%,17.7% 2019 Q2,2.0%,14.6% 2019 Q3,1.5%,7.3% 2019 Q4,-7.4%,3.2% 2020 Q1,0.6%,4.9% 2020 Q2,9.7%,-1.7%
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Gases represent some 40% of AL’s Electronics business sales, with 20% in Advanced Materials, around 15% in each of Electronic Materials and E&I with less than 10% in Services

Asia Pacific accounts for over 70% of Electronics sales with Americas over 20%. 

Asia Pacific and Americas showed contrasting fortunes in Q2 growth with Americas growth improving to over +5% while Asia Pacific slipped further into negative growth territory for the first time since early 2017 but would have been significantly positive excluding E&I



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Gases Profitability

(%)
  • OROS
  • EBITDA Margin
  • OROCE
,OROS,EBITDA Margin,OROCE 2014 Q1,17.9%,27.0%,12.9% 2014 Q2,17.9%,26.2%,12.6% 2014 Q3,18.7%,27.1%,13.1% 2014 Q4,17.9%,25.9%,12.9% 2015 Q1,18.3%,26.8%,13.0% 2015 Q2,18.2%,27.2%,12.7% 2015 Q3,18.6%,27.4%,12.9% 2015 Q4,19.3%,27.6%,13.6% 2016 Q1,18.0%,26.7%,12.2% 2016 Q2,17.9%,25.9%,10.9% 2016 Q3,17.0%,23.8%,9.5% 2016 Q4,17.0%,25.7%,9.4% 2017 Q1,16.5%,25.1%,9.6% 2017 Q2,16.5%,25.3%,9.7% 2017 Q3,17.7%,26.5%,10.2% 2017 Q4,17.6%,26.2%,10.6% 2018 Q1,16.6%,25.1%,9.8% 2018 Q2,16.6%,25.1%,10.0% 2018 Q3,17.3%,25.4%,10.7% 2018 Q4,17.4%,25.4%,11.1% 2019 Q1,17.0%,26.6%,10.7% 2019 Q2,17.0%,26.6%,10.7% 2019 Q3,17.7%,27.4%,10.8% 2019 Q4,18.5%,28.2%,11.0% 2020 Q1,18.2%,28.1%,10.7% 2020 Q2,18.3%,29.2%,10.3%
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AL does not report profits on a quarterly basis – however the company has reported higher positive cash flow in H1 that indicates this reached a ratio of more than 23% of sales in Q2

However, on the basis of business mix combined with efficiency improvements all three profitability measures, Operating Margin, EBITDA margin and OROCE (on Gasworld methodology for comparison), are all estimated to have maintained their improving trend of recent years in Q1-2 with underlying operating margin up by some 100bp

Group efficiency gains at over €100m in Q2 were in line with meeting 2020 target. Maintained trend in profitability also helped by ‘temporary’ Covid related savings that more than offset €45m of additional Covid related costs and reduced activity



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Capital Expenditure

$M
  • Capex Spend
,Capex Spend 2013 Q1,586.5 2013 Q2,611.3 2013 Q3,696.0 2013 Q4,765.5 2014 Q1,561.8 2014 Q2,620.4 2014 Q3,606.0 2014 Q4,557.3 2015 Q1,525.4 2015 Q2,534.1 2015 Q3,385.0 2015 Q4,664.0 2016 Q1,453.6 2016 Q2,628.0 2016 Q3,599.2 2016 Q4,657.8 2017 Q1,572.5 2017 Q2,578.7 2017 Q3,562.5 2017 Q4,649.0 2018 Q1,673.1 2018 Q2,601.1 2018 Q3,623.7 2018 Q4,645.8 2019 Q1,670.5 2019 Q2,688.8 2019 Q3,665.9 2019 Q4,677.8 2020 Q1,787.2 2020 Q2,666.7
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AL gases investment slipped back from recent peak but at over $680m in Q2 continued the rising trend of recent years. Capex relative to sales also eased to under 13% - albeit above the average of recent quarters

Investment decisions continue to run at €0.6-0.7Bn per quarter – record high of more than 1/3 in electronics sector

Investment backlog increased to €2.9Bn at end Q2. Electronics Asia start-up due in Q3 with further ones due in Large Industries in N.America and Europe in Q4 

Investing €100m at NLMK steelworks in Lipetsk, Russia for new 1000MTD ASU (due onstream 2023) plus existing NKLM production plants for H2 and rare gases

Announced investment of €125m to build first world-scale ASU at Moerdijk, Neths with an energy storage system. Capacity of 2000MTD O2 for pipeline and merchant supply from 2022

Investing over $100m in 770TPD ASU on its Texas pipeline to supply Steel Dynamics Inc, Supply commences 2021 

Investment backlog does not include announced investment of €440m to acquire 16 ASUs with Q2 capacity of 42,000 MTD supplying Sasol in S.Africa, currently the largest O2 facility in the world. Long term sales impact of €400m 

Portfolio of opportunities within 12 months rose nearly 10% sequentially at €2.9Bn in Q2, close to its highest level since 2015. Well balanced by geography; increased share of Electronics and Clean mobility projects; more in-house production takeover opportunities

Portfolio management actions continue with divestiture of 2 non-core businesses close but no further bolt-on acquisitions in Q2



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