Amazon trucks look set to be powered by carbon dioxide (CO2) waste and renewable power from next year.

Infinium has struck an agreement in which its electrofuels, prouduced at one of the world’s first dedicated facilities in Texas, will power the retailer’s middle mile fleet.

The facility will use approximately 18,000 tonnes per year of CO2 waste that would have otherwise been released into the atmosphere, producing enough electrofuels to power vehicles in Amazon’s middle mile fleet for approximately 5m miles per year. 

The Infinium facility is due to begin production in 2023, and Amazon plans to initially begin using the electrofuels in the Southern California region.  

Infinium electrofuels can be dropped into Amazon trucks with no engine modifications as an immediate replacement to petroleum-based fuel.

These electrofuels dramatically reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over traditional fossil fuels.

With the transportation sector accounting for approximately 25% of all CO2 emissions globally according to the UN Environment Programme, the ability to reduce emissions from trucks, airplanes and ships without modifying existing infrastructure is critical to reaching a decarbonised world and a vision of net-zero CO2 emissions. 

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Infinium CEO Robert Schuetzle said, ”This significant milestone is a strong testament to the many ways electrofuels will help transform commercial transportation for all industries and is a huge step forward in reducing harmful greenhouse gas emissions on our planet.” 

Kara Hurst, Vice President of Worldwide Sustainability at Amazon, which is aiming to be net zero by 2040, said, “This agreement with Infinium can help Amazon take important new steps to reduce carbon emissions from our transportation network and deliver packages to millions of customers more sustainably.”

Amazon previously supported Infinium’s development of electrofuels technology through two rounds of investment through Amazon’s Climate Pledge Fund, a $2bn venture investment program that specifically invests in companies building technologies, products and services.

Electrofuels can also be used to power airplanes and used as an ultra-low carbon fuel alternative in the production of plastics and other industrial materials.   

Amazon is aiming to power its operations through 100% renewable energy from 2025.

It is expanding its renewable energy investments with 71 new renewable energy projects globally, including its first renewable energy project in South America - a solar farm in Brazil - and its first solar farms in India and Poland. Once fully operational, Amazon’s global renewable energy portfolio will generate 50,000GWh of clean energy.

Overall, it has 379 renewable energy projects across 21 countries.