A carbon dioxide (CO2) recovery and liquefaction plant has officially started commercial operations at Neste’s renewable products refinery in Singapore.

Although construction was completed at the end of 2015, the plant officially started operations on 28th March 2016. Since then, the plant has been recovering CO2-containing crude gas, which is released as a by-product of Neste’s renewable fuel refining process.

On average, the facility recovers an average of 35-40 tonnes of CO2 each day, but is expected to reach full capacity in the coming months. As a result, the Finnish company will supply the plant with an estimated 30,000 tonnes of CO2-containing crude gas annually.

CO2 smoke Moscow carbon dioxide

The recovery of this by-product is expected to drastically cut Neste’s Singapore refinery’s CO2 emissions, whilst also decreasing the carbon footprint of the renewable products that Finland-based Neste produces in the South East Asian country. 

The plant, located in the Tuas industrial area, is operated by Neste’s Singaporean partner, Leeden National Oxygen Ltd (LNOX), which is a subsidiary of Tier One Japanese industrial gas company, Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation (TNSC).

Bart Leenders, Vice-President of Production for Renewable Products at Neste, highlighted, “Neste is proud of the excellent co-operation with LNOX offering not only an avenue to effectively utilise the by-products of the refining process, but also enabling us to decrease both the carbon footprint of our refinery as well as that of our renewable products.”


According to gasworld Business Intelligence, in 2014 the Singaporean industrial gas market was valued at $770m, of which around 5% was linked to sales of merchant CO2. This new capacity addition at Neste’s site will bring the country’s total merchant CO2 capacity to over 300 tonnes per day, as there are five other CO2 liquefaction plants currently operating in the city-state.