The CO2 business – Challenges and requirements through to 2020


In many ways, 2020 sounds like a long way off, but we all know how rapidly five years passes – this represents almost no time at all in some ways. As things go in the carbon dioxide (CO2) and industrial gas business, it often takes years to plan and consummate a new plant/production facility.

Often the process between the feedstock supplier developing and constructing the plant requires years to achieve its goal, if ever; and the same goes for the CO2 side of the business. In this light, things move over the course of years to achieve many tasks, where building the plant alone is often nine months in the making.

As mentioned in my previous features for gasworld magazine, many projects have potential from the advanced biofuels sector, and products of the petrochemical industry. The latter group of sources include ammonia and ethylene oxide plants, and natural gas processing facilities. More than likely, only a few of the greater number of projects announced will come to fruition, largely due to financing. Many of the petrochemical-based CO2 by-product sources are concentrated in the Midwest and US Gulf Coast, when thinking of the US alone. With this in mind, it mimics what was found during the ‘hay day’ of ethanol project developments, those being concentrated in the US Midwest for ethanol.

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