The largest ever number of new hydrogen (H2) refuelling stations were opened in 2016, with the record number continuing to build out the world’s H2 highway.

As of January 2017, a total of 274 H2 refuelling stations were in operation across the globe, almost 30% of which were inaugurated last year alone.

The statistics highlight that 83 of the 92 stations that were opened in 2016 are publicly-accessible. The others are dedicated to refuelling buses and fleets.

Today, there are 106 stations currently operating in Europe, 101 in Asia, 64 in North America, two in South America and one in Australia, 188 of which are publicly-accessible.

Japan continued to lead the H2 economy, bringing a total of 45 new stations to the sector in 2016. North America was second, opening 25 stations – 20 of which were in the state of California.

Hydrogen growth trends in 2016

Germany currently holds the title for the largest number of stations in Europe but Denmark claims the highest density of H2 stations per inhabitant. Plans for 90 future sites worldwide have already been announced.

The results are from the ninth annual assessment by, a website of Ludwig- Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH (LBST) and TÜV SÜD. The parties jointly operate a H2 and fuel cell portal that offers extensive information and services for public use.

LBST infrastructure expert Reinhold Wurster signified, “Several regions will offer a H2 refuelling infrastructure providing a territorial base coverage in the near future.” 

LBST is an international expert consultant for sustainable energy and mobility. TÜV SÜD is a global enterprise that works to improve technology, systems and expertise.