A newly formed consortium, led by engineering design services company Dastur, has been selected to carry out the design and feasibility for India’s largest industrial carbon capture and utilisation (CCUS) project at the 13.7 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) Koyali refinery of Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL).

Dastur yesterday (14th Jan) said that it will be the prime contractor for the development and will lead the consortium, which is also made up of Air Liquide Global E&C Solutions and the Bureau of Economic Geology (BEG) at the University of Texas.

IOCL’s refinery at Koyali, near Vadodara, is its flagship refinery and has the potential to capture over 5000 tonnes per day (tpd) or more than 1.5 mtpa of CO₂ for large scale enhanced oil recovery (EOR) operations.

CO₂ captured from its hydrogen generation units will be primarily used for EOR at the Oil and Natural Gas Commission’s (ONGC) oilfield at Gandhar, Gujarat, near Koyali.

The project will examine the technical viability, economic cost and feasibility of capturing CO₂; develop technical specifications, designs and plans; review and identify necessary approvals and permits required; and analyse the environmental benefits CCUS.

In addition to EOR and food and beverage applications, it will consider various alternative applications for the captured CO₂ to make the project technically and economically feasible.

Commenting on the development, Shri S.S.V. Ramakumar, Director (R&D) and Board member of IOCL said, “This sustainability initiative from IOCL is probably the first of its kind industrial scale carbon capture project in a large refinery in India.”

“IOCL hopes to capture over 250-500 thousand tons of CO₂ in a year initially and to use the CO₂ for cost-effectively enhancing oil production from ONGC’s oil fields. In this ambitious and path breaking project, we were pleased to receive global interest from many global firms.”

“We are happy that Dastur Energy along with Air Liquide and the UT Austin, Bureau of Economic Geology will help us analyse and design not only a state-of-the-art commercial scale capture system, but also an economically viable model of carbon capture that can be a fore runner for CCUS in India.”

Atanu Mukherjee, President and CEO of Dastur, added, “Close on the heels of our recent US DOE win to implement industrial carbon capture at Arcelor Mittal Burns Harbor USA and a landmark project at a Middle East national oil major to implement carbon capture for the lowest cost EOR, I am delighted that Dastur will be able to apply its expertise along with Air Liquide and UT-BEG, to chart the path for the first CCUS project in India of this magnitude.”

“Industrial scale carbon capture and utilisation through EOR can be an economically attractive model for India in reducing carbon emissions, enhancing energy security and contributing to the vision of an Atma Nirbhar Bharat.”

The project is funded by the United States Trade and Development Agency (USTDA), as part of its mission to promote the development of sustainable infrastructure projects and fostering economic growth in partner countries like India.