Government operated Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has recently launched its advanced satellite using cryogenic engine.

The engine, which has been developed indigenously by ISRO, was launched in the orbit through Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-F05 (GSLV-F05).

The satellite will aid search and rescue operations of security agencies and the shipping sector besides providing meteorological services and continue the mission of INSAT-3D.

The 2,211kg, three-stage launch vehicle used the cryogenic engine in the upper stage – providing a thrust 1.5 times more than vehicles propelled by liquid rocket engines.

“GSLV-F05 is the tenth flight of India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). GSLV-F05 is the flight in which the indigenously developed Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS) is being carried on-board for the fourth time during a GSLV flight,” ISRO explained in a statement.

The launch is ISRO’s ninth flight using cryogenic engines after a failed test in 2001. ISRO had planned to develop a cryogenic engine for use in its rockets as far back as in 1986 and selected the company Glavkosmos from the erstwhile Soviet Union to build one. The seven cryogenic engines supplied by Glavkosmos helped ISRO to develop its own indigenous engines.

ISRO successfully test-flew a rocket using an originally developed cryogenic engine in January 2014.