Lydall Performance Materials will supply cryogenic insulation for cryogenic lines designed and manufactured by Air Liquide, for the ITER-India project.

ITER is a research facility that was set up to demonstrate that a fusion reactor can produce ten times more energy than it consumes. To this end, the ITER organisation which is comprised of seven international partners—the US, China, South Korea, the EU, India, Japan and Russia—is building an experimental reactor (or tokamak) which is exploring the parameters of fusion. To obtain the very powerful electromagnetic fields required to confine and stabilise the fusion, it is necessary to use superconducting magnets that only function at extremely low temperatures.

The new cryogenic lines designed and manufactured by Air Liquide for ITER-India are one vital component of the project’s cryogenic production system. These lines will transport helium (He) at extremely low temperatures close to absolute zero in some cases (-269°C).

The fabrication of these lines requires the use of high tech processes and sophisticated design intended to link up the cryogenic plant to the tokamak. The cryogenic lines designed by Air Liquide represent a 1.6km network that will distribute the cold power needed to run various ITER equipment.

Lydall’s CryoTherm® and double aluminised polyester film were selected because the products met the demanding requirements of the cryogenic lines and the ITER project.

Lydall and Air Liquide have worked together previously on a large scale cryogenic installation for CERN; The European Organisation for Nuclear Research. Anatoli Kogan, Lydall Performance Materials Cryogenic Market Manager, commented, “We are proud to be a long-time supplier of Air Liquide and be a part of another massive project with them. We value Air Liquide as a cryogenic partner and look forward to continuing to serve them for years to come.”