Beijing’s Clean Air Plan will reduce the city’s carbon emissions by 20 million tonnes (Mt) by 2018, according to Thomson Reuters Point Carbon, making significant progress towards recommended air quality levels in China’s capital.
The city of Beijing has published a detailed plan to reduce its air pollution by 25% below 2012 levels by 2017, in order to solve the ‘airpocalypse’ that has been polluting the city.
According to Hongliang Chai, analyst at Thomson Reuters Point Carbon, “The lion’s share of reductions in carbon emissions will need to come from the city’s Heat and Power sectors switching from coal to gas, with industrial shutdowns also likely to contribute to emissions reductions.”
“We estimate that 3.69 billion cubic meters of gas will be needed by 2015 – and 5.35 billion cubic meters by 2018 – to replace coal in the city’s power and gas sectors.” Chai says. “This means the city will need to increase more than half of its 2013 gas consumption within five years. This extra 5.35 billion cubic meters demanded by the capital alone equates to 10% of China’s total gas import, or one-fifth of the country’s total liquefied natural gas (LNG) import in 2013.”
Chai continues: “If pollution reduction policies from Beijing’s energy and industrial sectors underperform, we expect the city policymakers will close additional industrial facilities in order to meet China’s overall air quality targets.”
In addition to fuel-switching in the power and heat sectors, shutdowns in the industrial and cement industries will have a significant impact on the city’s goal to reduce air pollutions, particularly PM2.5, the main air pollutant that poses health risks. Beijing will slash more than half of its 2012 cement output of nearly 9Mt to 4Mt in 2017, and according to Thomson Reuters Point Carbon analysis, the carbon emission reductions from the cement industry will be 2Mt in 2018.
A remedy for China’s smog problems?
Coming up in the May issue of gasworld magazine…
gasworld China looks at innovative efforts to tackle an ongoing challenge in the country, as LNG is used for the first time to power vessels running on the country’s many inland rivers and waterways.
Look out for this hot topic and much more, including the manufacturing and fabrication market in 2014 and a regional focus on the US, in the upcoming May issue.
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