CF Industries teams up with POSCO on joint clean ammonia project

CF Industries and POSCO Holdings are evaluating a joint venture to build a low-carbon clean ammonia plant at CF Industries’ Blue Point Complex in Ascension Parish, Louisiana.

As part of this, the ammonia producer and steelmaker will look to implement autothermal reforming (ATR) ammonia production technology.

When combined with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS), ATR technology is expected to reduce CO2 emissions from the ammonia production process my more than 90%.

Read more: Green ammonia at scale: Will the ammonia economy overtake the hydrogen economy?

Work related to ATR tech will be carried out under a front-end engineering and design (FEED) study. The FEED study is expected to be completed in the second half of 2024, with a final investment decision to follow.

In addition to the plant development, CF Industries and POSCO will also evaluate the possibility of shipping the produced project to South Korea to support the decarbonisation of POSCO’s own and third-party coal-based power generation facilities.

POSCO also intends to convert the low-carbon clean ammonia into hydrogen for use in its gas-based power plants and the steel-making process.

Read more: Green iron and steel: A diversity of routes to decarbonisation

Tony Will, President and CEO of CF Industries, said that POSCO’s plans to use low-carbon ammonia to accelerate decarbonisation in steel manufacturing and power generation in South Korea represents new demand for low-carbon ammonia as a clean energy source.

CF Industries typically produces between 9.5 and 10 million tonnes of ammonia annually at its manufacturing facilities.

Yoo Byeong-ok, Chief Green Materials & Energy Business Officer at POSCO, notes the US as one of the key strategic regions for POSCO Group as it is actively pursuing an economical and reliable overseas hydrogen and ammonia supply network through the IRA support policy.

Read more: Hydrogen and US public policy

He continued, “We plan to establish a production hub for clean ammonia in the US in collaboration with CF Industries, and secure a stable supply network to timely provide clean hydrogen necessary for domestic power generation and hydrogen reduction steelmaking.”

CO2 Summit 2023

Shortages and sourcing challenges are the headline stories everyone’s talking about in CO2 supply. But the whole carbon dioxide value chain is transforming – as this story itself demonstrates.

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