Malibu opens first green PV fab with Linde’s fluorine technology


Joint venture energy company Malibu has taken a huge stride forward in the sustainable solar sector, by opening the first’green’ thin film photovoltaic production facility without the use of nitrogen trifluoride (NF3).

Instead, the German plant utilises The Linde Group’s on-site generated fluorine (F2) technology and successfully eliminates the use of NF3 in thin-film photovoltaic (PV) module manufacture.

Although widely used in the PV production industry due to its stability, easy-to-handle nature and effective economics at small volumes, NF3 is a greenhouse gas with significant global warming potential.

Used as a chamber cleaning element, consumption ofNF3 has increased dramatically over the past decade, due in part to the emergence of the TFT-LCD industry.

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