MENA: Optimising a Reduction in Carbon Emissions

At COP21 in Paris, on 12th December 2015, Parties to the UNFCCC (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change) reached a landmark agreement to combat climate change and accelerate the shift to a low-carbon future. The Paris Agreement aims to limit the global temperature rise this century well below 2C above pre-industrial levels and – if possible – contain the increase to below 1.5C.

To hit these targets, countries have laid out plans to reach global peaking of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by mid-century. Outlined through nationally determined contributions (NDCs), countries communicate actions they will take to reduce these emissions, focusing on essential areas such as finance, technology and capacity-building.

Given the reliance of many MENA countries on so-called ‘extractive fossil fuel wealth’, the region is seen by organisations such as the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (CEIP) as a major contributor to climate change by expanding the global carbon footprint.

Home to the world’s largest oil producing nations, the MENA region’s GHG emissions are among the largest in the world, with 13 tonnes of CO2 emitted per capita per year – or 5% of global emissions.

Despite its status as a major GHG emitter, the region could hold the key to low-carbon fuel supplies and advancing carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology. According to the Global CCS Institute, MENA’s natural advantages such as its strategic location, high solar radiation, hydrocarbons production, carbon capture potential and very low LCOE (Levelised Cost of Energy)’s should also enable competitive hydrogen costs for export, both blue and green.

Home to three large-scale commercial CCS sites: Uthmaniyah CO2-enhanced oil recovery (EOR) Demonstration Project in Saudi Arabia, Al Reyadah CO2-EOR Project in Abu Dhabi and Ras Laffan CCS Project in Qatar, MENA accounts for about 10% of the world’s CCS capacity.

This could enable the region to take full advantage of a global hydrogen export market that is project to reach $300bn by mid-decade, giving the Middle East the chance to become a market leader in the production of hydrogen and an innovator in CCS technology.

Nexus of Clean

As guest speakers at gasworld’s MENA Industrial Gas Conference 2022, Chart Industries’ Middle East and global clean energy experts Michael Blondin and Simon Little will present ‘Nexus of Clean’ – a discussion that aims to draw upon Chart’s focus on the clean energy transition and harness the company’s wealth of expertise in providing sustainable solutions on a global scale.

The MENA Industrial Gases Conference 2022 will take place from 12 – 14 December in Abu Dhabi (UAE), at the famous Yas Marina Circuit venue.

The changing face of both the region’s gases industry and the market as a whole will be explored across the event, with an esteemed programme of industrial gas speakers and stakeholders, getting to grips with topics ranging from:

  • The hydrogen economy
  • Reducing carbon emissions
  • Global helium and the role of MENA in the supply chain
  • Medical oxygen and security of supply.

Click here to find out more and to book your place at the event.


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