Ocean Network Express (ONE) has received an Approval in Principle (AiP) for an ammonia dual-fuelled vessel.
The 3,500 TEU vessel was jointly developed by ONE, Nihon Shipyard Co. (NSY) and classification society DNV, as part of a joint development project established in late 2022.
Along its investment in 12 13,000 TEU methanol dual-fuelled vessels, due for delivery in 2027, the carrier said it marked another milestone on its journey towards Net Zero by 2050.
Koshiro Wake, Senior Vice President of Corporate Strategy & Sustainability Department at ONE, said, “Ammonia is definitely one of the primary focuses of our research as ammonia fuel has a great potential of generating lower GHG emissions than conventional marine fuels.”
Cristina Saenz de Santa Maria, Regional Manager South East Asia, Pacific & India, Maritime at DNV, agreed that ammonia is one of the promising future marine fuels with great potential to decarbonise shipping.
She said, “We are confident that DNV’s rules for ammonia will help our customers to safely adopt this new fuel type once the infrastructure is in place. We are grateful to our JDP partners for entrusting us with this pioneering project that will help the entire maritime industry to adopt ammonia as a marine fuel.”
To meet the IMO’s target of Net Zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, the shipping industry needs to move faster to cleaner fuels.
Ammonia, which releases no carbon dioxide when combusted, is gaining favour but toxicity challenges and related risks are significant and, while manageable, will add complexity to ship designs and potentially limit the ships for which it is a suitable fuel.
Ammonia ultimately may prove to be a more appropriate solution for deep-sea cargo ships rather than short-sea, passenger or inland waterway craft.
The findings of a recent study conducted by the Maritime Energy and Sustainable Development Centre of Excellence at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, suggest that pure biomethane (bio-LNG) could cover up to 3% of total energy demand for shipping fuels in 2030 and 13% in 2050.
Steve Esau, Chief Operating Officer at SEA-LNG said it is clear that by 2050, deep-sea shipping will rely on multiple fuels, including LNG, as it transitions from a fossil fuel through bio to e-LNG. “The lessons learnt from the introduction of LNG as a marine fuel will benefit all alternative fuels,” he said.
As a result of the Red Sea security situation, ONE’s AR1 service has been ‘temporarily suspended’ until further notice.
ONE was launched in 2017 following the liner service integrations of Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha (K Line), Mitsui OSK Lines (MOL) and Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK).