Partners to develop direct injection CO2 carrier

A new concept design for a carbon dioxide (CO2) carrier capable of direct offshore injection is being developed by Breeze Ship Design and Norwegian oil company Equinor.

Equipped with a cargo capacity of approximately 40,000 tonnes of CO2, the ammonia dual-fuelled vessel will be based in the trading area of North Europe/Scandinavia with discharge locations in the North Sea Area.

According to Breeze, the main design drivers of the ship are safe loading, transport and offshore injection of CO2 with as low emissions as possible.

“The project fits well with Breeze Ship Design’s strategy to be a leading design company accelerating the energy transition to low carbon shipping,” commented Reinert Nordtvelt, COO of Breeze.

“By combining our experience with offshore vessels and gas carriers we are confident we will be able to provide Equinor with novel solutions for their future investments in the CO2 value chain.”

Considered a key enabler in the energy transition to a low carbon value chain, carbon capture and storage (CCS) also incorporates the transport of CO2 from capture point to storage point.

By utilising seaborn direct offshore transportation, industry can access underground geologic storage sites where waste CO2 may be permanently injected.

“Equinor believes that the direct injection concept is an interesting way to implement ship-based transport and injection solutions for CO2,” said Elisabeth Birkeland, VP for CCS solutions at Equinor.

“We need to make sure the technical risks are reduced to an acceptable level and that the business case is sounds, that is why this project is important.”

Involved in 10-15 zero/low emissions ship design projects worldwide, Breeze is exploring the potential of dual fuel propulsion systems based on ammonia, hydrogen, methanol or other biofuels in combination with novel combustion engines and fuel cell technology.

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