Covid-19 (coronavirus) has left a painful, indelible mark on society the world over and continues to have a grip on our way of living, working and interacting even today. Sadly, it also continues to ravage a number of countries in the southern hemisphere that lack both the vaccination programmes and the one key treatment required to deal with it – oxygen.

Our response to this once-in-a-century global pandemic that so unexpectedly and irrevocably change the world poses a number of questions, not least how prepared our healthcare systems and supply chains were for such an event.

Here in this extended report from gasworld, a 10-point playbook of political, social, scientific and economic constructs that underpinned one of the most devastating public health emergencies in a century and critical oxygen supply chain shortages is explored.