Ammonia is used for a myriad of industrial and specialty gases applications. It can be cracked to hydrogen and used for metals heat treatment to create a reducing atmosphere for annealing.
Nitriding for metals heat treatment also requires ammonia. As a refrigerant gas, ammonia is deployed in most modern carbon dioxide (CO2) liquefiers to cool gaseous feedstock to CO2 in a cryogenic liquid form. The market for ammonia in these traditional industrial and specialty gases applications continues to grow steadily.
The energy transition is creating a step change in the growth potential for ammonia and paving the way for extremely high-volume applications. The supply chain for ammonia from production through to distribution and storage will expand dramatically. And, since ammonia is of interest as a clean energy vector in support of decarbonisation, it must be produced in a low-carbon way using new technologies. Ammonia’s time has come, and the industrial gases sector has the expertise to support the next wave of ammonia growth.
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