On one hand, carbon dioxide (CO2) is often mentioned in the press as the most abundant greenhouse gas, now in excess of 400 ppm (parts-per-million), according to most measurements, and a serious threat to global warming and a major contributor to climate change.
Carbon dioxide is generally thought of by those who are not in the gases industries as either a greenhouse gas (heightened by more press than ever surrounding America’s withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement) or for use in beverage carbonation, and perhaps fire abatement.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) in the life sciences – though this only represents a very small percentage of the greater merchant market, it is an interesting and valuable area of the industry. In the life sciences sector, cryotherapy, cryosurgery and cryopreservation are all interesting topics which can use CO2.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) quality begins with the raw feedstock, and even the ingredients and agents which go into this feedgas or feedstock – these agents can be substances such as the natural gas or coal which is combusted for flue gas, then downstream liquefaction and purification occurs.
Based upon my estimates today, the US CO2 market may approach around 9.8 million short tons of utilisation this year, with most sectors essentially following the relative growth (or shortfall) within the corresponding markets of the sectors they serve. Globally, this merchant market total is over 20 million tons annually.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is well known as a useful and versatile gas in many applications, starting with chemical process uses to Ph reduction as carbonic acid, and as a solvent in enhanced oil recovery (EOR) applications, but it also has a place in the healthcare industry. On this other extreme ...
Ethanol is the single-largest by-product source of carbon dioxide (CO2) supplying the merchant CO2 industry in the US. The technology for purification, liquefaction, and supplying a viable liquid and dry ice is well known with this source type; and many such sources are relatively untapped domestically.
The annual global carbon dioxide (CO2) market represents over 20 million metric tons of CO2 consumption in the merchant markets. Captive markets, such as the onsite manufacture of urea, methanol, sodium bicarbonate, and enhanced oil recovery (EOR) projects account for a significant additional tonnage, beyond the merchant market usage. Sam ...