Gassnova, the Norwegian state enterprise for carbon capture and storage (CCS) has assigned Statoil, the multinational oil and gas company, to evaluate the development of CCS on the Norwegian continental shelf (NCS).
The storage project is part of Norwegian authorities’ efforts to develop full-scale CCS in Norway. It will be the first storage site in the world to receive carbon dioxide (CO2) from several industrial sources and will capture CO2 from three onshore industrial facilities in Eastern Norway. The CO2 will then be transported by ship from the capture area to a receiving plant onshore located on the west-coast of Norway.
At the receiving plant, CO2 will be pumped over from the ship to onshore tanks, prior to being sent through pipelines on the seabed to several injection wells east of the Troll field on the NCS. These are several possible locations for the receiving plant, and the final choice will be based on criteria such as safety, costs and expansion flexibility.
The storage solution to be evaluated by Statoil will have the potential to receive CO2 from both Norwegian and European emission sources.
Irene Rummelhoff, Statoil’s executive Vice-President for New Energy Solutions, said, “CCS is an important tool to reduce carbon emissions and to achieve the global climate targets as defined in the Paris Agreement. The CCS project that has been assigned to us will require an entirely new collaboration model with carbon capture from several industrial sources, carbon transportation by ships, and carbon storage 1000-2000 metres below the seabed. In addition, this may be the start of the world’s first CCS network across national borders. Much work remains, but if we are successful, this may open new business opportunities both for Statoil, our collaboration partners and Norwegian Industry’s.”
The Norwegian CCS project will be a collaboration project between onshore industry, government authorities and companies with offshore expertise, such as Statoil.
“The next big tasks are developing technology, regulations and general commercial conditions that they may stimulate an extensive roll-out of CCS,” added Rummelhoff.
Future carbon storage may also help realise a H2 market. H2 produced from natural gas generates CO2 as a by-product, and with a value-chain for CO2 capture, transportation and storage it will be possible to further examine a full-scale value chain for H2, which is a low-carbon energy solution with potentials within both power, heating and transportation.