Toyota Motor has announced its plans to sell more than 50,000 fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) by the year 2025, generating an increased demand for hydrogen (H2) from the industrial gas industry.
The Japanese company aims to sell in excess of 10,000 FCVs per year from 2020, directly linking to a higher demand on the H2 production infrastructure, for both stations and supply methods.
Based on an annual usage of 6,300 miles, each FCV would consume around 1,100m3 of H2. It is therefore estimated that the requirement for H2 for this sales target would be 55m m3 each year, meaning new H2 plants would need to be installed.
An approximation of 81 new factories, primarily based in Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka and Fukuoka, would need to be instated to accommodate the proposed sales target, according to The Gas Review.
In February 2015, Toyota Motor had already produced 700 FCV vehicles, but aims to produce a further 2,000 this year and another 3,000 in 2017.
FCVs are driven by an electric motor, but they create energy in an on-board fuel cell, usually using oxygen (O2) from the air and stored H2. The two gases then react, producing only water and heat, making them ‘zero-emissions’ vehicles.
An estimated 30,000 cars need to be sold per year to make FCVs a profitable venture for the Japanese automobile company. Ultimately, eventual worldwide use of the environmentally friendly cars is essential to meet the company’s sales target. Along with increased global use and added industrial H2 plants, this is more than possible as the business of ‘green’ energy cars will become a far more prominent feature in the future.
The Gas Review, issue no. 412